Turkey

With cities steeped in history, beaches, and beautiful countryside, a visit to Turkey promises an en

Turkey has been inhabited since the paleolithic age,[7] including various ancient Anatolian civilizations, Aeolian, Dorian and Ionian Greeks, Thracians, Armenians, and Assyrians.[8][9][10] After Alexander the Great's conquest, the area was Hellenized, a process which continued under the Roman Empire and its transition into the Byzantine Empire.[9][11] The Seljuk Turks began migrating into the area in the 11th century, starting the process of Turkification, which was greatly accelerated by the Seljuk victory over the Byzantines at the Battle of Manzikert in 1071.[12] The Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm ruled Anatolia until the Mongol invasion in 1243, upon which it disintegrated into several small Turkish beyliks.[13] Starting from the late 13th century, the Ottomans united Anatolia and created an empire encompassing much of Southeastern Europe, Western Asia and North Africa, becoming a major power in Eurasia and Africa during the early modern period. The empire reached the peak of its power between the 15th and 17th centuries, especially during the 1520–66 reign of Suleiman the Magnificent. After the second Ottoman siege of Vienna in 1683 and the end of the Great Turkish War in 1699, the Ottoman Empire entered a long period of decline. The Tanzimat reforms of the 19th century, which aimed to modernize the Ottoman state, proved to be inadequate in most fields, and failed to stop the dissolution of the empire.[14] The Ottoman Empire entered World War I (1914–18) on the side of the Central Powers and was ultimately defeated. During the war, major atrocities were committed by the Ottoman government against its Armenian, Assyrian and Pontic Greek citizens.[15] Following the war, the conglomeration of territories and peoples that formerly comprised the Ottoman Empire was divided into several new states.[16] The Turkish War of Independence (1919–22), initiated by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and his colleagues in Anatolia, resulted in the establishment of the modern Republic of Turkey in 1923, with Atatürk as its first president.[17] Turkey is a democratic, secular, unitary, constitutional republic with a diverse cultural heritage.[18][19] According to the World Factbook, 70–75 percent of the population are ethnic Turks, while the Kurds are the largest minority at 18%.[18] The vast majority of the population is Sunni Muslim, with Alevis making up the largest religious minority.[18] Turkey is a member of the UN, NATO, OECD, OSCE, OIC and the G-20. After becoming one of the first members of the Council of Europe in 1949, Turkey became an associate member of the EEC in 1963, joined the EU Customs Union in 1995 and started full membership negotiations with the European Union in 2005.[20] Turkey's growing economy and diplomatic initiatives have led to its recognition as a regional power.

With cities steeped in history, beaches, and beautiful countryside, a visit to Turkey promises an en

Daily Turkey Tours

Book Daily Istanbul Ottoman Relics Tour
€35
Half Day - Afternoon Tour

Ottoman Relics Tour

You will see the Topkapi Palace where Ottoman Sultans lived, and the Little Hagia Sophia Mosque which built in 6. century.

Book Daily Istanbul Byzantian Relics Tour
€30
Half Day - Morning Tour
Book Daily Istanbul Byzantian and Ottoman Relics Tour
€70
All Day Tour

Most Beautiful Historical Places in Turkey

Sultan Ahmet (Blue) Mosque

Istanbul Mosque
The Blue Mosque (Sultan Ahmet Cami) is one of the most impressive symbol of Istanbul. It is located directly opposite to Hagia Sophia Museum. The mosque takes its name of Ottoman Emperor Sultan Ahmet I. The Sultan Ahmet Mosque (Blue Mosque) was built... Explore Sultan Ahmet (Blue) Mosque

Dolmabahce Palace

Istanbul Museum
Dolmabahce Palace was built on the coastline of Bosphorus between the years of 1839 and 1861 AD. Dolmabahçe Palace was ordered by the Sultan Abdülmecid I as major residence. Dolmabahçe is the largest palace in Turkey. It has 285 rooms and 46 hall... Explore Dolmabahce Palace

Hippodrome of Constantinople

Istanbul Historic District
The Hippodrome of Constantinople was used as an sport and social centre in Byzantine era. The Hippodrome was also known as Atmeydanı (horse arena) during the Ottoman era. It was also used for horse and carriage races for the honour of the Emperor. T... Explore Hippodrome of Constantinople

Golden Horn

Istanbul View
The Golden Horn separates European side of İstanbul. Its shape looks like a horn. It is a kind of natural port. Golden Horn’s length is 7.5 kilometers (4.66 mi), and it has parks on both sides. On left side of golden horn, you are able to see attr... Explore Golden Horn